Max Temp(°C):32.5 Departure from Normal(°C):0 Min Temp(°C):25.2 Departure from normal(°C):0 Wheather:Partly cloudy sky 24-hour Rainfall(mm): 0.0
 

e - ORGANIC TRACEABILITY

"Organic agriculture is an environment friendly ecological production system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities.

Organic foods have far less residues of pesticides, growth promoters and antibiotics .Organic food tastes better.

Organic production aims, at all times towards sustainability while having best management of the environment and wildlife as a priority."

  

 


FARM PROFILE: AGRA DISTRICT

FARM PROFILE: AGRA DISTRICT

��������� Agra district situated in South Western Dry Plain zone has semi-arid climate and receives around 656 mm of average rainfall. Major crops of the district are potato, wheat, mustard seed, gram and barley in Rabi and rice, bazra, jowar, arhar and vegetables in Kharif. The climatic conditions of the district are congenial for the cultivation of fruit crops like aonla, citrus (Lime), mango, ber and medicinal plants like ashwangandha, lemon grass, guarpatha (Aloe vera) etc. Potential blocks are Baroli Aheer, Fatehabad, Shamsabad, Bichpuri, Akola, Achnera, Fatehpur Sikri and Etmadpur for guava, citrus (Lime), jamun, phalsa etc. Fruits are produced on 8064 ha of land. The major crop of the district is potato which is cultivated in 30,885 ha of land. Besides this, the other major vegetables in the district are cauliflower, capsicum, cucurbits etc. covering 12,500 ha of area with production of 2.50 lakh MT.


���

��������� Net sown area of the district is 2,87,294 ha constituting 72 percentof the net geographical area. The net irrigated area is 2,36,376 ha, of which 90 percent and 8 percent is irrigated by wells/tube wells and canals respectively. The cropping intensity of the district works out to 145 %.

���������� Agra district is covered under Agri-Export Zone for potato and garlic. Corporate sectors like ITC, Mahindra Sublabh, etc. involved in input supply, technology transfer and marketing. Contract farming may also be practiced for garlic and potato cultivation. The districts has large numbers of cold stores, spread over fifteen blocks and ensure easy and close access to farmers for storing potato crop. The district, at present, possesses 140 cold stores with a storage capacity of 12.28 Lakh MT.

���������� State Horticulture mission has included Agra district for promotion of commercial cultivation, rejuvenation, post harvest management and marketing of mango, Aonla, Guava and tuberose. Financing for nurseries, pack house and potato grading has also been suggested under the mission. This programme was launched in April, 2005 to provide comprehensive and holistic growth of horticulture sector so as to double it by 2011-12. As a supplementary to horticulture, Micro irrigation component was introduced during 2005-06 for providing Drip/sprinkler systems to horticulture crops, on 50% subsidy.


 

Table 3.1. Agra District Profile at a Glance

 

 

Item

Characteristics/Item

Value/Quantity/Numbers

1

Area

 

 

 

1.1

Geographical area (ha-)

398460

 

1.2

Forest (ha)

45437

 

1.3

Net sown area ( ha)

287294

 

1.4

Cropping intensity (%)

145

 

1.5

Fallow land (ha)

18355

 

1.6

Land not available for cultivation (ha)

5557

2

 

Administrative

 

 

2.1

No of blocks

15

 

2.2

No of villages inhabited and electrified

905 & 847

 

2.3

No of villages with potable water supply

905

3

 

Rainfall (mm)

656

4

 

Agro-climatic region and zone

Region- Upper Gangetic Plains

Zone-South Western Dry Plains

5

 

Population (,000)

Male (000)

Female (000)

Population below poverty line (000)

3611

1950

1661

71.088

6

 

Literacy (%)

Male(%)

Female (%)

65

74.60

48.35

7

7.1

Nationalized bank branches

269

 

7.2

Regional Rural Banks

39

 

7.3

Cooperative Banks

205

8

8.1

8.2

Cultivators

Of whom small & marginal ones

275778

179537

 

8.3

Agricultural labourers

124789

 

8.4

Artisans (%)

3.5

 

8.5

Household/cottage industries

65030

9

 

Irrigation (ha)

 

 

9.1

Net irrigated area (ha)

236376

 

9.2

By channels (ha)

19323

 

9.3

By wells (ha)

3986

 

9.4

Tube wells (ha)

213067

10

 

Chemical fertilizers ( kg per ha)

140.7

11

 

Agriculture support facilities

 

 

11.1

Seed/fertilizers/pesticides depots

226

 

11.2

Rural markets/ mandis (No.)

13

 

11.3

Sub-yards

265

12

 

Dairy animals

 

 

12.1

Cattle (cows)

61817

 

12.2

Buffaloes

340324

 

12.3

Sheep/goat

72296/250990

 

12.4

Poultry birds

6197

 

Table 3.2 : Distribution of Operational Holdings

 

Farm size

Ha

Operational holdings

Area operated

Number

%

ha

%

Up to 1

132161

59

25932

9

1 - 2

47376

21

69956

23

Above 2

44489

20

203826

68

Total

224026

100

299714

100

 

 

Main Industries

l     Potato based industries (Potato chips, Potato Atta)

l     Milk based Industry

Major Food and Commercial Crops - Wheat, maize, rice, sugarcane, mustard, tobacco.

Major Horticulture Crops - Potato, Ber, citrus (Lime), aonla, mango, guava, banana, etc.

Table 3.3: Productivity of important crops in district Agra (year 2006-07)

 

 

Crop

Cropped Area (ha)

Production in MT

Productivity(Qtl./ha)

Kharif

Bajra

100920

139647

13.84

 

Arhar

2706

2582

9.54

 

Jowar

3380

3844

11.37

 

Til

1120

19

1.71

Rabi

Wheat

133096

425073

33.10

 

Barley

10128

20849

30.06

 

Mustard

72415

112092

14.42

 

Gram

2133

2279

10.85

 

Vegetables

5790

1205

20.8

 

Table 3.4: Area under wheat and Rice block wise (year 2006-07)

Block

Rice Total

Rice Irrigated

Wheat Total

Wheat Irrigated

Potato Total

Potato Irrigated

Fatehpur Sikri

296

292

12696

12696

796

796

Achnera

738

737

16008

16008

2328

2328

Akola

2

1

8460

8460

977

977

Bichpuri

43

43

4139

4139

348

348

Baroli Ahir

0

0

9619

9619

3767

3767

Khandoli

4

3

5231

5231

8326

8326

Etmadpur

179

11

10124

10124

3954

3954

Jagner

0

0

4096

4096

210

210

Kheragarh

122

121

8352

8348

658

658

Saiyan

0

0

7552

7552

1898

1898

Shamsabad

5

4

8399

8399

8829

8829

Fatehabad

0

0

9989

9989

4517

4517

Pinahat

0

0

7314

7314

318

318

Bah

0

0

7862

7837

439

439

J.Kalan

0

0

6433

6429

392

392

Total

1389

1212

126274

126241

37757

37757

 

Table 3.5: Details of Fertilizers usage and distribution through different sources in district (year 2006-07) .

������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� In MT

���������������������

Year/block

Nitrogen

Phosphorous

Potash

Total

1

2

3

4

5

2003-04

34539

15572

2173

52284

2004-05

34708

15219

2554

52481

2005-06

35454

17098

2865

55417


Blockwise 2005-06

 

Fatehpur Sikri

3530

1130

187

4847

Achnera

3350

1210

190

4750

Akola

2165

725

130

3020

Bichpuri

1575

705

95

2375

Baroli Ahir

2510

1280

145

3935

Khandoli

3140

2180

375

5695

Etmadpur

2786

1985

280

5051

Jagner

1105

455

98

1658

Kheragarh

1935

1075

155

3165

Saiyan

2115

955

152

3222

Shamsabad

3085

1970

305

5360

Fatehabad

3080

1375

290

4745

Pinahat

1610

570

155

2335

Bah

1780

795

160

2735

J.Kalan

1688

688

148

2524

Total

35454

17098

2865

55417

��

 

Table3.6 : Year wiseArea and production of fruits and vegetables in Agra Dist.

�������������������������������������������������������������� ��� ������������������������������������������������������

Year

Vegetable

Potato

Fruits

 

Area (000 ha)

Prod. (Lakh MT)

Area (000 ha)

Prod. (Lakh MT)

Area (000 ha)

Prod. (Lakh MT)

2003-04

14.00

2.10

27.30

8.32

10.00

1.00

2004-05

16.00

2.50

27.65

7.18

11.00

1.20

2005-06

18.40

2.70

28.14

6.95

11.40

1.25

 

 

3.7 The Main Crop:

 

Major food crops of the district are wheat, maize, bajra and barley. With the introduction of sunflower and soybean, production of oil seeds has also assumed significant proportion in the district. The commercial crops (cash crops) are mainly mustard and potato. Major horticultural crops viz. Guava, citrus (Lime), ber and aonla are also having the potential in the district due to favourable agro-climatic conditions. In floriculture; gladiolus, tuberose and rose is picking up in the district. Tora village near Agra is developing fast in flower raising along the road sides in Shamsabad block.

3.8 Marketing:

There are three Krishi Upaj Mandi Samiti in the district viz, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri and Achnera. The Agra mandi is biggest and has highest turn over. Maximum price for early potato is Rs. 400/q (i.e. Rs 4 per kg) and late variety Rs. 250/q (i.e. Rs. 2.5/kg), which are very low compared to high cost of production.

The district has a vast network of 140 cold stores with a capacity of 12.28 MT. Sufficient cold stores and potato processing industry needs to be encouraged.

3.9 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DAIRY, POULTRY AND FISHERIES

Next to agriculture, Animal husbandry is second most important occupation in the district. Good quality buffaloes are purchased from Punjab and Haryana states. Buffalo farming is having an edge over cows in���� the district, as buffalo milk is in demand because of higher fat contents in it. Dairying is a very popular activity in Agra district and also a main subsidiary occupation of the farmers and landless labourers in order to support their incomes. There is good market for Khoya and paneer in nearby districts of Mathura, Bharatpur and Delhi.

The population of buffalo and other cattle in the district is given in table below:

--------------

Table 3.9.1: Total Livestock population in district for the year 2006-07

Sr. No.

Animal

Population in tehsil

Total

 

 

 

Bah

Kirawali

Kheragarh

Fatehabad

Agra

Etmadpur

 

1

Cattle

68094

28447

14211

18739

21349

10089

160929

2

Buffaloes

155154

126870

111815

122020

125286

69377

710522

3

Sheep

46251

6018

7680

6835

2725

2787

72296

4

Goats

77853

41755

35545

43071

32103

21692

252019

5

Pigs

5057

6225

5548

5051

16415

3549

41845

6

Camels

2442

93

77

285

264

191

3352

7

Donkeys

2666

1248

1904

1613

2811

1833

12075

8

Horses & Mules

 

653

702

724

781

523

3383

9

Poultry

9539

10005

11701

12950

12507

5277

61979

Total Population

367056

221314

189183

211288

214241

115318

1318400

 

The estimated milk production of the district is around 2172 lakh litres per annum, which works out to 164 grams per person per day as against the national average of 247 grams per person per day.

��������� As per 2003 census, the poultry population in Agra district was 61,979. The estimated annual egg production of the district is around 44.95 lakh, which works out to 1.25 eggs per person per annum as against the national average of 40 eggs per person per annum. Due to adverse climatic conditions and lack of interest due to high mortality rate, the activity is not picking up in the district. There is only one Govt. poultry farm in Bichpuri block.

��������� Fishery is an important activity carried out in low lying areas, ponds and also in brick-kiln areas. River fisheries are also prevalent in Yamuna and Utangan rivers. District administration is allotting lease (Pattas) of ponds/tanks to the persons interested in the activity. Most of the ponds are seasonal. There is local market to cater to the requirements of local people. Popular varieties of fish are Rohu, Katla, Nain and Common Carp.