Max Temp(°C):32.5 Departure from Normal(°C):0 Min Temp(°C):25.2 Departure from normal(°C):0 Wheather:Partly cloudy sky 24-hour Rainfall(mm): 0.0
 

e - ORGANIC TRACEABILITY

"Organic agriculture is an environment friendly ecological production system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities.

Organic foods have far less residues of pesticides, growth promoters and antibiotics .Organic food tastes better.

Organic production aims, at all times towards sustainability while having best management of the environment and wildlife as a priority."

  

 


FARM PROFILE OF THE DISTRICT - Farrukhabad

FARM PROFILE OF THE DISTRICT � Farrukhabad

 

Farrukhabad district falls in Central Uttar Pradesh. There are two perennial rivers, Ganga and Kali flowing along the borders of district Farrukhabad. The total area of district is 2199.11 sq. km. supporting a population of 15.70 lacs with a density of 686 persons per square km. It has seven blocks, namely Kaimganj, Nawabganj, Shamsabad, Rajepur, Barhpura, Mohamadabad, and Kamalganj.

The majority population is rural and district has 67 % of the area under cultivation. A net area of 1,48,000 hectare is under cultivation out of which nearly half (67 thousand hectares) is sown more than once with intensity of cropping at 45%, some86 % of the area is under irrigation. Land holdings are dominated by small and marginal farmers. More than 76 % of the holding are less than one hectare and more than 93%holdings are under two hectares.

Including the seasons of kharif, rabi and zaid, a total area of 4,58,303 hectare is put under various crops in district of Farrukhabad in a year. With more than 86 % cultivated area being irrigated, the agricultural potential of the district can be rated as high. Potato being the main crop, a thorough study into its cultivation as prevalent in the district would reveal the important gaps required to be addressed to realize the full potential. Wheat, paddy, mustard, sunflower, maize, sugarcane, tobacco, vegetables and fruits are other important crops. The district has a large number of cold stores spread in five blocks of the district that provide easy and nearly access to farmers for storing potato crops. The district has, at present 69 cold storess out of which 59 cold storess are functional and have capacity of 5,26,005 MT. The cold stores play important role in value enhancement of potato crop, check on immediate post-harvest / distress sale and the providing interim finance to the farmers.

The district has been covered under 'State horticulture Mission' launched in 2005 which is a part of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) of GOI. The mission involves establishment of nurseries, potato seed production, establishment and rejuvenation of guava orchards, organic farming, pack houses and provision of marketing infrastructure. There are 187 nurseries in district.

The major crop of the district is potato which has been cultivated over the years without any rotation/diversification. Due to mono cropping pattern, soils have developed deficiencies in micro nutrients. As such, fertility of the soil has decreased resulting in low productivity and poor quality of potato. There is no facility in district for educating the farmers.

Whenever there is bumper production of potato in the district, there is a glut in the market and the prices crash to abysmal low levels. The prices offered are not even sufficient to cover the storage costs and as a result farmers do not lift the potato from cold stores. In such a situation, cold stores throw the rotten potato on the roadside. There is no proper system of disposal of rotten potato. This contributes to environmental pollution.

Due to natural calamities i.e. Drought / floods almost every year, there is soil erosion in some areas of the district which has also affected agriculture reducing net sown area.

Besides these, the problems related with natural resources such as soil degradation and water depletion need to be addressed.


 

The main profile of the district is given in Table 3.1.

Table 3.1: Farrukhabad District Profile at a Glance

 

Item

Characteristics/Item

Value/Quantity/Numbers

1

 

Area

 

 

1.1

Geographical area (Sq km)

2288.2

 

1.2

Forest (ha)

1021

 

1.3

Net sown area (000 ha)

148

 

1.4

Area sown more than once (000 ha)

64

 

1.5

Total cropped area (000 ha)

214.39

 

1.6

Cropping intensity (%)

145 %

 

1.7

Fallow land (ha)

28687

 

1.8

Land not available for cultivation (ha)

8097

2

 

Administrative

 

 

2.1

No of blocks

7

 

2.2

No of villages inhabited and electrified

776 villages electrified out of 883

 

2.3

No of villages with potable water supply

883

3

 

Rainfall (mm)

810

4

 

Agro-climatic region and zone

Central plain & zone 5

5

 

Population (,000)

Male (000)

Female (000)

Population below poverty line (000)

1570.41

840.80

720.61

475 (23%)

6

 

Literacy (%)

Male

Female

60.9

71.1

48.6

7

7.1

Nationalized bank branches

32

 

7.2

Regional Rural Banks

44

 

7.3

Cooperative Banks

10

 

7.4

Cooperative and Village Development Bank

3

8

8.1

8.2

Total Cultivators

Small & marginal Farmers

227201

153488

 

8.3

Agricultural labourers

83452

 

8.4

Artisan population (%)

3.5

 

8.5

Household/cottage industries (%)

5.9

9

 

Irrigation (000 ha)

167

 

9.1

Net irrigated area (ha)

131444

 

9.2

By channels (ha)

4016

 

9.3

By wells (ha)

1204

 

9.4

Tube wells (ha)

98210

10

 

Chemical fertilizers ( kg / ha)

270

11

 

Agriculture support facilities

 

 

11.1

Seed/fertilizers/pesticides depots

144/ 730/ 112

 

11.2

Mandis (No.)

4

 

11.3

Sub-yard

1

12

 

Dairy animals

 

 

12.1

Cows

1,28,372

 

12.2

Buffaloes

2,29,652

 

12.3

Sheep/goat

13,246/ 1,52,135

 

12.4

Poultry birds

57,549

 

Table 3.2: Distribution of Operational Holdings

Farm size

ha

Operational holdings

Area operated

Number

%

ha

%

Up to 1

176344

76.64

68276

39.78

1 - 2

37968

16.50

50992

29.71

2 - 4

12550

5.45

33885

19.74

4 - 10

3058

1.33

16432

9.57

Above 10

147

0.06

2058

1.20

Total

230067

100

171643

100

 

Main Industries

1.       Potato based industries

2.       Tobacco based industries

3.       Sugar mill

 

Major Food and Commercial Crops - Wheat, maize, rice, sugarcane, mustard, tobacco.

 

Major Horticulture Crops - Potato, mango and guava etc.

Table 3.3: Productivity of crops in Farrukhabad, 2006-07

������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� (q/ha)

S.N.

Crop

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

Gap in Productivity

Target

Actual

Target

Actual

Projected

1

Wheat

39.06

31.23

34.49

32.59

36.46

3.87

2

Barley

24.70

23.75

23.61

24.75

25.51

0.76

3

Gram

15.04

18.32

17.05

11.62

17.58

5.96

4

Pea

16.25

17.81

18.21

17.38

24.37

6.99

5

Lentil

9.90

12.41

14.20

12.16

16.61

4.45

6

Mustard

13.20

13.25

14.34

13.13

11.40

-

7

Potato

-

-

400

305.55

350.00

44.45

 

Table 3.4: Block wise area, production and productivity of wheat and barley, 2006-07

 

S.N.

Block

Wheat

Barley

Area (ha)

Production

(MT)

Productivity

(q/ha)

Area (ha)

Production

(MT)

Productivity

(q/ha)

1

Barpur

5916

22640

38.37

348

901.66

25.90

2

Rajepur

11119

38216

34.37

478

1180.66

24.70

3

Kamalganj

11219

40915

36.47

471

1224.60

26.00

4

Mohammadabad

12769

45547

35.67

502

1290.14

25.70

5

Nawabganj

9769

35041

35.87

428

1061.44

24.80

6

Shamshabad

9999

36566

36.57

428

1044.32

24.40

7

Kayamganj

10079

38300

38.00

428

1158.60

27.07

 

Total

70870

258380

36.46

3028

7865.00

25.51

 

Table 3.5: Block wise seed used q/ha, 2006-07 ���������������������������������������������������������������������������� ����������� �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� �����

S.N.

Block

Wheat

Barley

Gram

Pea

Certified

Own

Certified

Own

Certified

Own

Certified

Own

1

Barpur

2121

2071

20

84

20

65

33

34

2

Rajepur

2441

2431

44

84

20

76

39

73

3

Kamalganj

3132

3131

44

124

26

105

44

81

4

Mohammadabad

3281

3274

18

124

26

126

46

83

5

Nawabganj

2122

2072

18

85

21

96

34

51

6

Shamshabad

2132

2140

18

85

21

96

34

48

7

Kayamganj

2121

2071

18

89

21

96

40

50

 

Total

7350

17190

180

675

155

660

270

420

 

 

Table 3.6: Availability of fertilizers through different sources in Farrukhabad district��������

 

S.N.

Block

Urea

DAP

Other sources

Cane Deptt

Agro

Other

Coope-rative

Total

Cane Deptt

Agro

Other

Coope-rative

Total

MoP

NPK

Zinc

1

Barpur

-

200

6064

1921

8185

-

203

1743

468

2414

332

1669

4

2

Rajepur

-

50

4163

1906

6119

-

199

1573

443

2215

123

1822

3

3

Kamalganj

-

250

8363

2241

10854

-

198

2395

654

3247

373

2078

5

4

Mohammadabad

-

150

8063

2331

10544

-

-

2368

618

2986

217

2125

2

5

Nawabganj

50

100

4544

1726

6420

10

-

1668

447

2125

393

1895

3

6

Shamshabad

25

75

3563

1746

5409

5

-

1714

457

2176

268

1903

2

7

Kayamganj

25

75

3572

1729

5401

5

-

1720

413

2138

218

2053

2

 

Total

100

900

38332

13600

52932

20

600

13181

3500

17301

1924

13545

21

 

 

Table 3.7: Productivity of major crops for kharif season, 2007-08

 

S. No.

Crop

Productivity (q/ha)

1

Paddy

22.76

2

Maize

14.21

3

Jowar

11.39

4

Bajra

12.41

5

Urd

05.53

6

Moong

03.98

7

Pigeon pea

09.37

8

Sesame

01.68

9

Ground nut

07.25

10

Potato

305.55

 

 

Table 3.8: Block wise details of area under different crops, 2005-06 (ha)

 

S.N.

Block

Paddy

Maize

Urd

Moong

Pigeon pea

Jowar

Bajra

Potato

1

Barpur

1918

5343

101

14

206

382

2098

3510

2

Rajepur

2374

3635

108

14

209

463

5801

2449

3

Kamalganj

2142

8507

141

33

241

444

7033

9687

4

Mohammadabad

2102

7307

138

32

266

452

9591

6452

5

Nawabganj

2161

6187

116

14

226

425

7014

2874

6

Shamshabad

2151

5957

94

14

191

362

5876

2815

7

Kayamganj

2152

6751

102

14

211

388

5626

1193

 

Total

15000

43687

800

135

1550

2916

43039

28980

 

 

Table 3.9: Area under major fruit crops in Farrukhabad district, 2005-06

 

S.N.

Crop

Area (ha)

1

Mango

1885

2

Guava

785

3

Papaya

60

4

Lemon

82

 


 

3.10. The Main Crop: Potato

Farrukhabad is one of the major potato growing districts of the country and is among the 5 districts covered under Agri export zone (AEZ) for potato. There are normally two crops of potato early and late in one cropping season. The early crop is sown from 25th Sept to 10th Oct and the late from 15th Oct to 15th Nov. There is a separate department of potato headed by Potato Development Officer. The department procures foundation seed of Kufri Bahar, K. Anand and Chipsona � I from the State Government and supplies to farmers. Under AEZ quality upgradation programme, the foundation seed of K. Bahar, K. Anand, K. Satluj and K. Jawahar are given to the farmers. However, supply of foundation seed (400 quintals by department and 1050 quintals by AEZ) is negligible and farmers are forced to purchase from the open market. There is need to supplement foundation seed supply of potato.

3.11. Marketing

There are two Krishi Upaj Mandi Samiti in the district viz, Farrukhabad and Kamalganj. The Farrukhabad mandi is the biggest with highest turn over. Normally price for early potato varies from Rs. 200 � 250 /q and price of late variety varies from Rs. 400 - 450 / q. These prices are very low compared to high current cost of production.

The district has a vast network of 70 cold stores with a capacity of 680240 MT.

3.12. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DAIRY, POULTRY AND FISHERIES

Animal husbandry within farm sector contributes more than 25% of total farm GDP of the state. Farrukhabad district is dominated by small and marginal farmers(93 percent). On an average three animals are attached to each land holding.

Table 3.12.1: Dairy Profile of Farrukhabad District, 2005-06

1.

Population of breedable Cross bred cows

5674.00

2.

Milk Production of CBC (Kl/year)

12347.36

3.

Average yield (l/day)

5.962.00

4.

Population of breedable Desi Cows

43249.00

5.

Milk Production of Desi cows (kl/year)

32929.36

6.

Average yield (l/day)

2.086.00

7.

Population of breedable Buffaloes

109537

8

Milk Production of buffaloes (kl/year))

141932.56

9.

Average yield (l/day)

3.55

10

Total Milk production(000 kl)

187.21

11.

Nos. of milk plants

308.00

12.

Number of Milk Societies

441.00

13.

Number of District Milk Cooperative

1 (Farrukhabad Milk Production Cooperative)

14.

District level chilling facility

1 (55,000 Litres)

 

Table 3.12.2: Blockwise population of livestock in district (Census 2003)

S.N.

Block

Cow

Buffalo

Total

(Cow + buffalo)

Goat

Sheep

Poultry

1

Barpur

11706

22851

34557

19105

366

11089

2

Rajepur

24937

33805

58742

30385

987

12912

3

Kamalganj

27085

40795

67880

28385

118

5295

4

Mohammadabad

20251

34214

54465

18969

3675

3530

5

Nawabganj

14962

27696

42658

15404

1293

5342

6

Shamshabad

17167

38815

55982

22548

496

13552

7

Kayamganj

12047

28609

40656

16462

1418

1871

 

Total

128155

226785

354940

151218

13353

53591