Max Temp(°C):32.5 Departure from Normal(°C):0 Min Temp(°C):25.2 Departure from normal(°C):0 Wheather:Partly cloudy sky 24-hour Rainfall(mm): 0.0
 

e - ORGANIC TRACEABILITY

"Organic agriculture is an environment friendly ecological production system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities.

Organic foods have far less residues of pesticides, growth promoters and antibiotics .Organic food tastes better.

Organic production aims, at all times towards sustainability while having best management of the environment and wildlife as a priority."

  

 


FARM PROFILE: KANNAUJ

FARM PROFILE: KANNAUJ

 

Kannauj district lies in central Uttar Pradesh. The district is endowed with two perennial rivers i.e. Ganga and Etawah. The total area of the district is 1994.5 square kms, supporting a total population of 13.88 lakhs persons with a density of 689 persons per square km. It has eight blocks, namely Chhibramau, Haseran, Jalabad, Kannauj, Saurikh, Talagram Umarda and Gugrapur.

�������

 

The majority population is rural as the district has 70% of the area under cultivation. The net sown area is around 1.39 lakh hectare, with 1.29 lakh hectare or 93 % under irrigation. More than 81% of the land holdings are less than one hectare in size.

The core sector of economy in the district is agriculture, potato being the main cash crop. The other crops raised in the district include wheat, paddy, mustard, sunflower, maize, vegetables and fruits.

Some of the major constraints of district are inadequate power supply, poor road and rail connectivity, low quality of potato, non-availability of essential inputs such as quality seeds, modern technology etc. and lack of post harvest infrastructure facilities like cool storage house, pack house, testing, grading facilities, markets etc.


Table 3.1:Kannauj District Profile at a Glance:

 

Item

Characteristics

Value

1

Area

 

1.1

Geographical area (Sq km)

1994.5sq.km

 

1.2

Forest (ha)

4789

 

1.3

Net sown area (000 ha)

140325

 

1.4

Cropping intensity (%)

156.5

 

1.5

Fallow land (ha)

23113

 

1.6

Land not available for cultivation (ha)

9720

2

Administrative

 

2.1

No of blocks

8

 

2.2

No of villages inhabited and electrified

392 villages electrified out of 689

 

2.3

No of villages with potable water supply

689

3

Rainfall (mm)

810

4

Agro-climatic region and zone

Region: Upper Gangetic planes

Zone: Mid Planes

5

Population

 

5.1

Total(000)

1388.923

 

5.2

Male (000)

744.17

 

5.3

Female (000)

644.753

 

5.4

Populationbelow poverty line (000)

23%

 

5.5

Cultivators (%)

47.91

 

5.6

Agricultural labourers (%)

8.28

6

Literacy (%)

 

 

6.1

Total

61.89

 

6.2

Male

72.76

 

6.3

Female

49.17

7

Banks

 

7.1

Nationalized bank branches

23

 

7.2

Regional Rural Banks

37

 

7.3

Cooperative Banks

9

 

7.4

Cooperative and Village Development Bank

3

8

Irrigation(ha)

 

8.1

Net irrigated area (ha)

128979

 

8.2

By canals (ha)

12068(9.36%)

 

8.3

By wells (ha)

37(0.03%)

 

8.4

By Tube wells (ha)

Private 112588(87.29%),State 4111(3.19%)

9

Chemical fertilizers ( kg per ha )

150.10

10

Agriculture support facilities

 

10.1

Seed/fertilizers/pesticides depots

234/ 391/ 97

 

10.2

Rural markets/ mandis (No.)

3

11

Dairy animals

 

11.1

Cattle (cows)

39094

 

11.2

Buffaloes

107616

 

11.3

Sheep/goat/pigs

19535/ 208494/26059

 

11.4

Poultry birds

101829

��� Source: Potential Linked Credit Plan (2008-09), National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development

 

Table 3.2: Distribution of Operational Holdings:

Farm size

(ha)

Operational holdings

Area operated

Number

%

ha

%

Less than 1

179694

80.99

69855

44.04

1 - 2

27008

12.17

39300

24.77

2 - 4

11992

5.40

31826

20.06

4 - 10

3076

1.34

16260

10.25

Above 10

104

0.05

1386

0.87

Total

221874

100

158627

100

������ Source: Potential Linked Credit Plan (2008-09), National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development


Main Industries

          Fragrance and perfume

          Potato storage

          Beedi making

          Bee keeping

          Furniture (wood/steel)

          Fabrication

Major crop: Potato

Potato is the main crop of the district Kannauj. The total area covered for potato is 36,000 ha. With its total production is 8, 90,000 mt/year (2007-08). The total productivity of potato per hectare is 250 quintals.

Major Food, Horticulture and Commercial Crops - Potato, Wheat, Maize, Rice, Mustard, Sunflower, Mango, Guava, Floriculture, etc

Table 3.3: Percentage of productivity of main crops (quintal/hectare):

S.N.

Crop

2003-04`

2004-05

2005-06

1.

Rice

19.33

24.06

25.18

2.

Wheat

32.67

31.16

33.38

3.

Barley

24.83

19.31

23.97

4.

Jowar

9.06

7.42

11.57

5.

Bajra

6.34

6.25

15.65

 

Table 3.4:Area, Production and Productivity of major crops in district Kannauj (in the year 2006-2007)

Crop

Cropped Area (ha)

Production (tonne)

Productivity(qt./ha)

Wheat

75,610

2,60,628

34.47

Maize

49,512

77,932

15.74

Potato

36,615

807,251

220.47

Paddy

17,211

42,289

23.99

Mustard

11,320

17,682

15.62

Sunflower

2,734

3,497

14.36

Arahar

959

898

9.37

Urad

367

203

5.53

Peas

4,240

7,710

18.18

Gram

2,300

3,920

17.04

Moong

71

28

3.98

Jowar

2,008

2,086

10.39

Table 3.5: Capacity and number of food storage in the district (2006-2007)

S.No.

Item

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

Number

Capacity
(Tonne)

Number

Capacity
(Tonne)

Number

Capacity
(Tonne)

1.

State Housing

1

9546

1

9546

1

9546

2.

State Government

13

3000

13

3000

13

3000

3.

Cooperative

16

3099

16

3099

16

3099

4.

Other

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

Table 3.6: Blockwise fertilizers distribution in the district (MT) 2006-2007

Block

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Potash

Total

1. Chhibramau

3565

2010

480

6055

2. Talgram

3457

1850

470

5777

3. Saurikh

2515

1080

330

3925

4. Haseran

2570

995

303

3868

5. Jalalabad

2090

1140

310

3540

6. Kannauj

3509

1650

490

5649

7. Umarda

3564

2050

510

6124

8. Gugarapur

1970

1030

299

3299

Total District

23240

11805

3192

38237

 

Table 3.7:�� Blockwise agricultural implements in the district 2006-2007

Block

Ploughs

Advance
harrow and
cultivator

Advance
thrasher
machine

Sprayer
number

Advance
boaai
instrument

Tractor

Wooden

Iron

1. Chhibramau

3835

3718

5846

240

703

748

1133

2. Talgram

5402

4258

6601

202

850

1913

1088

3. Saurikh

5008

3072

4236

208

348

650

623

4. Haseran

4127

2128

2778

130

185

425

466

5. Jalalabad

1769

1469

3262

244

433

589

633

6. Kannauj

3597

2207

7444

260

1150

740

1023

7. Umarda

15411

7627

19113

310

1552

1592

1391

8. Gugarapur

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Total District

39149

24479

49280

1594

5221

6657

6357

 


The Main Crop: Potato

 

Kannauj is one of the largest potato growing district of Uttar Pradesh. The major crop of the district is potato which has been cultivated over the years without any rotation / diversification. There are normally two crops of the potato i.e. early and late in one crop year. The early varieties are S1 (local variety), 3797, G.2524, Kufri, Chandramukhi, and other local varieties while late varieties are 3797, Kufri Badshah, Kufri Sunderi, Anand, Kufri Bahar. The period of sowing early crops is 25 Sept to 10 Oct to first week of Nov.���

The district has been covered under �State Horticulture Mission� launched in 2005 which is a part of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) of GOI. The mission involves potato seed production. There is bumper production of potato in the district. Under post harvest support, potato grading machines are locally manufactured at Merrut. Potato graders can be funded to existing cold store owners for undertaking size grading and bagging of potato. Industry

����������� Kannauj district is famous for essence, flavour, fragrance and perfume industry although the bidi industry is also here and it is supposed that this district is the largest bidi supplier in Uttar Pradesh. The essence flavour and fragrance of Kannauj district are famous internationally.

����������� Fragrance & Flavour Development Centre (FFDC) has been setup in year 1991 by Govt.of India, with the assistance of UNDP/UNIDO and Govt. Of U.P. UNDP/UNIDO is providing technical expertise and imported equipments.Govt of U.P. is providing land building and infrastructure, while Govt. Of India is contributing for the recurring, non-recurring and indigenous equipments.

����������� FFDC aims to serve as an interface between essential oil, fragrance and flavour industry and the R & D institutions both in the field of agro-technology and chemical technology. Main objective of the centre is to serve, sustain and upgrade the status of farmers and industry engaged in the aromatic cultivation and its processing, so as to make them competitive both in local & global market

 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DAIRY, POULTRY AND FISHERIES

 

������������� Animal husbandry sector contributes over 26.0% of the total value of from Agriculture sector. As the land holding pattern in the district predominantly comprises of SF/MF, dairy in the form of 2/4 animals unit has been undertaken as an additional activity to generate income. There is no private sector /govt. owned milk processing unit in the district. However, there is a milk producer�s co-operative union which is the nodal agency for this activity.

������������� The District lacks availability of good milch animals. Local consumption of milk supplied by milk union is not picking up due to non-availability of milk in packets.

Table 3.8: Dairy Profile of District (2006-07)

1.

Population of cattles

125752

2.

Population of buffaloes

234479

3.

Population of breedable female crossbred

3512

4.

Population of indigenous cows

35582

5.

Population of indigenous buffaloes

107618

6.

Veterinary

17

7.

D category dispensaries

04

8.

Livestock Development Centres

15

9.

Artificial Insemination Centres

18

10.

Semen Collection Centres

03

 

Table 3.9: Population of major livestock in district

Blocks

Total cattle

Sheep

Pig

Poultry

Chhibramau

15071

1466

2493

5705

Talgram

18168

2403

1436

4812

Saurikh

13786

2202

2643

7422

Haseran

11350

2870

1706

5733

Jalalabad

7844

531

1813

2375

Kannauj

22754

40

5583

22681

Umarada

29632

3889

4199

18272

Gagarapur

-

-

-

-

Total District

118605

13401

19873

67000