Max Temp(°C):32.5 Departure from Normal(°C):0 Min Temp(°C):25.2 Departure from normal(°C):0 Wheather:Partly cloudy sky 24-hour Rainfall(mm): 0.0
 

e - ORGANIC TRACEABILITY

"Organic agriculture is an environment friendly ecological production system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities.

Organic foods have far less residues of pesticides, growth promoters and antibiotics .Organic food tastes better.

Organic production aims, at all times towards sustainability while having best management of the environment and wildlife as a priority."

  

 


FARM PROFILE : MEERUT DISTRICT

FARM PROFILE : MEERUT DISTRICT

MEERUT district falls in Western Uttar Pradesh, located 72 km (44 miles) north-east of New Delhi. The total area of district is 2590 sq. km. supporting a population of 29.73 lacs with a density of 1,148 persons per square km. It has twelve blocks, namely Sarurpur Khurd, Sardhana, Daraula, Mawana Kala, Hastinapur, Parikshitgarh, Machhra, Rohta, Janikhurd, Meerut, Rajpura, Kharkhoda.

The majority population (51.1%) is rural. The district has 72.9 % of the area under cultivation. Net sown area accounts for 1,98,480 hectare out of which more than half (105 thousand hectares) is sown more than once. 93.7 % of the area is under irrigation. 50% of the farmers possess less than 2 hectare of land.

The district has 3,05,780 ha as total cropped area. Horticulture occupies an important place in the district. Mango, Guava, Peach are the important fruit crops of the district.

The agro-climatic condition of the district is highly suitable for floriculture, apiculture and mushroom cultivation. Commercial crops like Aonla and Papaya are also being cultivated in the district.

The district has been covered under 'Agri Export Zones (AEZs) underState Horticulture Mission' launched in 2005, which is a part of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) of GOI, for promoting mango cultivation. The mission includes Meerut district for promotion of commercial cultivation, rejuvenation, post harvest management and marketing of horticulture crops like Mango, Guava, Scented rose, Mushroom as well as Bee keeping. Under SHM, post harvest infrastructure like pack-houses, terminal markets, and rural primary markets are planned for the district.

No large scale organized Horticulture processing is being done in the district. However, village based processing on small scale is being done sporadically. Master action plan for Food Processing prepared by Department of Horticulture and Food Processing, GOUP has prioritized horticulture processing like Mango, Bee-keeping and Potato for the district.

Table 3.1. Meerut District Profile at a Glance

 

Item

Characteristics/Item

Value/Quantity/Numbers

1

Area

 

1.1

Geographical area (Sq.Km)

2590

 

1.2

Forest (ha)

21314

 

1.3

Net sown area ( ha)

198.4

 

1.4

Area sown more than once (000 ha)

104.6

 

1.5

Total cropped area (000 ha)

303.8

 

1.6

Cropping intensity (%)

154.1

 

1.7

Fallow land (ha)

9782

 

1.8

Land not available for cultivation (ha)

3017

 

2

Administrative

 

2.1

No of blocks

12

 

2.2

No of villages inhabited and electrified

776 villages electrified out of 883

 

2.3

No of villages with potable water supply

883

3

 

Rainfall (mm)

665

4

 

Agro-climatic region and zone

Upper Gangetic plain region, Western plain

5

 

Population (,000)

Male (000)

Female (000)

Population below poverty line (000)

2973.8

1588.9

1384.9

19543

6

 

Literacy (%)

Male (%)

Female (%)

53.6

61.9

44.0

7

7.1

Nationalized bank branches

187

 

7.2

Cooperative Banks

29

 

7.3

Cooperative and Village Development Bank

4

8

8.1

8.2

Cultivators

Of whom small & marginal ones

1,81,817

 

8.3

Agricultural labourers

65486

 

8.4

Artisans

 

 

8.5

Household/cottage industries

32460

9

Irrigation (ha)

 

9.1

Net irrigated area (ha)

186015

 

9.2

By channels (ha)

33785

 

9.3

By wells and tube wells (ha)

152060

 

9.4

By other sources

170

10

 

Chemical fertilizer use ( kg per ha)

209.3

11

 

Agriculture support facilities

 

 

11.1

Seed/fertilizers/pesticides depots

522

 

11.2

Rural markets/ mandis (No.)

92

 

11.3

Rural Godowns

281 (10500 M.T.)

 

11.4

Cold stores

45(209062M.T.)

12

 

Dairy animals

 

 

12.1

Cattle (cows)

1,33,243

 

12.2

Buffaloes

5,67,070

 

12.3

Sheep/goat

48,433

 

12.4

Poultry birds

88,043

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Table 3.2 : Distribution of Operational Holdings

Farm size

Ha

Operational holdings

Area operated

Number

%

ha

%

Up to 1

121833

66

51574

25

1 - 2

35028

19

51184

25

Above 2

27919

15

103001

50

Total

184780

100

 

100

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.

Main Industries

       Textiles

       Handloom

       Coir

Major Food and Commercial Crops - Paddy, Wheat & Sugarcane.

Major Horticulture Crops - Potato, Mango

 

Table 3.3:block wise details of area under main crops in the district

 

Year/ Block

Paddy kharif

Paddy zaid

Total paddy

Wheat

Total

Irrigated

Total

Irrigated

Total

Irrigated

Total

Irrigated

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

2003-04

14320

14320

0

0

14320

14320

77880

77880

2004-05

15186

15186

0

0

15186

15186

79633

79633

2005-06

13887

13887

1

1

13888

13888

78710

78710


Blockwise 2006-07

 

1 Sarurpur Khurd

777

777

0

0

777

777

6300

6300

2 Sardhana

580

580

0

0

580

580

5130

5130

3 Daurala

848

848

0

0

848

848

5000

5000

4 Mawana Kala

569

569

0

0

569

569

5140

5140

5 Hastinapur

3812

3812

1

1

3813

3813

8580

8580

6 Parikshitgarh

1767

1767

0

0

1767

1767

7710

7710

7 Maachhra

739

739

0

0

739

739

5497

5497

8 Rohta

713

713

0

0

713

713

5580

5580

9 Janikhurd

869

869

0

0

869

869

5688

5688

10 Meerut

845

845

0

0

845

845

3773

3773

11 Rajpura

1115

1115

0

0

1115

1115

5681

5681

12 Kharkhoda

596

596

0

0

596

596

6209

6209

Total rural

13230

13230

1

1

13231

13231

70288

70288

Total urban

657

657

0

0

657

657

8422

8422

Total district

13887

13887

1

1

13888

13888

78710

78710

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.


Table 3.4: Productivity of different crops in district (q/ha)

 

Sr. no.

Crop

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

1

Paddy

23.34

25.04

22.45

2

Wheat

37.68

36.18

36.09

3

Barley

25.26

27.84

27.89

4

Sorghum

8.62

0

8.1

5

Pearl millet

14.25

14.81

13.94

6

Maize

13.1

11.94

15.42

7

Pulses

7.52

8.23

7.44

8

Oilseeds

8.56

12.98

12.04

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.

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Table 3.5: Total production of different crops in district: (M.T.)

Sr. no.

Crop

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

1

Paddy

33423

38020

31185

2

Wheat

293444

288080

284084

3

Barley

854

621

485

4

Sorghum

31

0

4

5

Pearlmillet

83

108

61

6

Maize

2645

1626

1278

7

Pulses

2707

2362

1791

8

Oilseeds

2440

4804

4411

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.

Table 3.6: Details of Fertilizer distribution (in terms of nutrients) through different sources in different years and in different blocks during the year 2005-06 Quantity In MT

 

Year

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Potassium

Total

1

2

3

4

5

2003-04

48276

12985

2813

64074

2004-05

48603

12082

3321

64006

2005-06

49448

13484

3705

66637


Blockwise 2005-06

 

1 Sarurpur Khurd

3704

1015

264

4983

2 Sardhana

4960

1116

341

6417

3 Daurala

4327

1118

341

5786

4 Mawana Kala

4989

1227

360

6576

5 Hastinapur

4554

1118

264

5936

6 Parikshitgarh

4210

1228

367

5805

7 Maachhra

4337

1118

344

5799

8 Rohta

3387

982

241

4610

9 Janikhurd

3076

972

229

4277

10 Meerut

4366

1265

388

6019

11 Rajpura

3906

1227

274

5407

12 Kharkhoda

3632

1098

292

5022

Total rural

49448

13484

3705

66637

Total urban

0

0

0

-

Total district

49448

13484

3705

66637

��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. and Department of Agriculture, U.P.

 


 

Table 3.7: Area under various horticultural crops in the district

 

Name of the crop

Area (ha)

Block

Mango

10,000

Machhra, Jani Sradhana, Mawana & Parikshitgarh

Guava

1500

All blocks

Peach

1200

Jani, Machhra & Sardhana

Papaya

350

Kharkhoda, Rohta, Daurala & Sardhana

Other fruit

1600

All blocks

Tuberose and others

220

Meerut, Machhra, Rajpura, Daurala, Sardhana & Kharkhoda

Gladioli

205

Meerut, Sardhana, Daurala, Mawana, Kharkhoda, Jani & Rohta

Marigold

480

Meerut, Machhra, Rajpura & Mawana

Rose

80

Machhra, Jani, Meerut & Kharkhoda

Mushroom culture

20

All blocks

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.

 

3,8 MainCrops:

 

The district is known for high level of sugarcane production. The other major crops in the district include Wheat, Paddy, Maize, oilseeds and Potato. Around 15,000 ha area is covered under fruit crops in the. Mango is the most important traditional fruit crop of the district. Around 10,000 ha area is under mango cultivation. Of these 24 villages are in Jani and 18 are under Machhra block. The Government is providing various incentives to promote Mango cultivation.

3.9 Storage godowns and market yards:

The major crops grown in the district are paddy, wheat, maize, sugarcane, potato, oilseeds and pulses. The annual production of paddy and wheat is to the tune of 0.50 lakh MT and 3.16 lakh MT respectively. There are 58 grain godowns with a total capacity of 82,526 MT and 45 cold storages. Since Meerut district is also covered as one of the districts under AEZs for promoting potatoes, there is great potential for establishment of cold storages.

 

3.10 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, DAIRY, POULTRY AND FISHERIES

Animal husbandry sector within agriculture sector contributes to more than 25% of total value of out put. Dairy farming is very popular among the small and marginal farmers and landless labourers of the district to supplement their income. Buffaloes are preferred over cows. The estimated milk production in the district is around 1,873 lakh liters which work out to 171 grams/day/person as against the requirement of 240 grams/day/person. So, there is good scope for promoting the dairy activity in the district.

Table 3.11:Dairy Profile of the District

Sr. no.

Particulars

Graded Murrah Buffalo

Cross Bred Cows

1

No. of milch animals as per latest livestock census (2003)

280886

49440

2

Total no. of animals during reference year i.e. 2008-09 at annual growth rate of 1% and 3-4% in cows and buffaloes respectively

343882

51962

3

Total no. of breedable heifers added as milch animals (40% calving of item 2 50:50 sex ratio, 20% calf mortality and 50% culling)

27511

4157

4

Total milch animals 2+3

371393

56119

Source: Official website of Govt of U.P. And Department of Agriculture, U.P.

����������� Presently there are more than 60 large sized poultry units, having more than 1000 birds each. Of these, 10 units have the capacity of 5000-10,000 birds and one broiler unit of 75,000 birds. Production is around 65lakh eggs per annum, which work out to 2.13 egg/person/annum as against national average of 40 eggs/person/annum. Meerut district offers excellent scope for poultry due to easy marketing on account of proximity to Delhi. With regards to Sheep/Goat /Piggery development, there is not much scope in the district due to acute shortage of grazing land. The population of sheep, goat and pigs as per live stock census 2003 was 3969, 44464 and 24253 respectively. Out of 24253 pigs 14992 were desi and remaining only 9261 were crossbreed. The estimated meat production from these animals is around 2.58 lakh kg which works out to 86 gm per person per annum as against the nutritional requirement of 94 kg per person per annum.